Who's Who in a Hospital: Your Visual Guide to Medical Jobs

You may be familiar with doctors and nurses from your annual checkup, but most of us aren't familiar with the many different types of medical jobs out there. You interact with various healthcare professionals throughout your visit, and there are several hospital positions that operate behind the scenes. This all adds up to a long list of medical careers.

The sheer size and complexity of the healthcare field can be overwhelming — especially when you see it all working together within the chaos of a hospital. Both at the bedside and in the backroom, healthcare professionals of all specialties function interdependently to keep communities in tip-top shape.

How many of these medical jobs are you aware of?

A visual list of medical careers

This infographic was designed to highlight the various hospital positions you may or may not be familiar with. Get a better understanding of these types of medical jobs and how they all contribute to the overall health of patients and efficiency of the facility.

who's who in hospital medical jobs infographic, described in detail below.

Who’s Who in a Hospital Infographic

The entirety of the infographic is a cutout of a hospital, top floor to bottom floor.

The very top floor shows a surgical scene on one side and someone entering information into a computer on the other. The medical lab technician collects tissue samples and performs laboratory tests. Their median annual salary is $38,370 and the amount of education required is about 1–2 years.

Getting closer to the surgery, we have the surgeon. The surgeon performs surgeries and prescribes postoperative treatments. Their median annual salary is $187,200+, and the years of education required is between 11–15 years.

On the other side of the surgeon and patient is the anesthesiologist. The anesthesiologist administers anesthetic during medical procedures. Their median annual salary is $187,200+, and the amount of education required is 12 years.

Next to the surgeon is the surgical technologist. The surgical technologist assists surgical teams throughout operations. Their median annual salary is $43,350, and the amount of education required is between 1–2 years.

On the floor beneath surgery is the physical therapy unit. A physical therapist is talking to a patient with crutches and going over their chart, while a physical therapist assistant helps another patient extend and move their leg. The physical therapist designs treatment plans and works with patients in rehabilitative programs. Their median annual salary is $82,390, and the amount of education required is 6–7 years.

The physical therapist assistant instructs and assists patients in their physical therapy exercises. Their median annual salary is $54,410, and the amount of education required is 2 years.

The X-ray unit is beneath the physical therapy unit. The radiologist is to the left, analyzing the X-rays, while the radiologic technologist screens a patient. The radiologist analyzes X-rays and diagnoses diseases. Their median annual salary is $187,200, and the years of education required is 12 years.

The Radiologic Technologist assists patients and administers X-ray procedures. Their median annual salary is $55,870, and the years of education required is 2 years.

Beneath the X-ray unit is a patient room. A physician and registered nurse assist a patient lying in a hospital bed, while a patient advocate is going over paperwork with another patient on the other side. Registered nurses assess patient health and administer care. Their median annual salary is $66,640, and the amount of education required is between 2–4 years.

The physician diagnoses diseases and prescribes treatments. The median annual salary is $180,180, and the amount of education required is between 11–15 years.

The patient advocate helps patients navigate healthcare policies and services. Their median annual salary is $31,200, and the amount of education required is 4 years.

The next floor underneath the patient room is the main office, where a medical coder enters information into a computer, a health services manager supervises the floor and the health information technician works with medical records. The health services manager directs and supervises medical and health services in a hospital. Their median annual salary is $92,810, and the amount of education required is 4 years.

The medical coder transcribes and edits medical reports. Their median annual salary is $34,750, and the amount of education required is 0–1 year.

The health information technician is off to the right, next to some filing cabinets. They process and maintain medical records. Their median annual salary is $35,900, and the amount of education required is between 0–2 years.

Finally, the first floor is the pharmacy, where we see a patient waiting in a chair, a pharmacy technician reading prescriptions and a pharmacist in the back, dispensing prescriptions. The pharmacy technician prepares prescriptions and assists customers with questions. Their median annual salary is $29,810, and the amount of education required is between 0–1 year.

The pharmacist dispenses prescriptions and advises physicians on interactions and dosages. Their median annual salary is $120,950, and the amount of education required is between 6–8 years.

Beneath the infographic are source materials from which information regarding salary and job postings were taken:

Salary information was taken from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook  Handbook (2016–17 ed.) from the U.S. Department of Labor. This represents national averaged earnings for the occupations listed and includes workers at all levels of education and experience. Employment conditions in your area may vary.

Burning-Glass.com (analysis of court-related job postings, June 1, 2016–May 31, 2017).

Rasmussen College does not offer programs to prepare students for every occupation profiled in this piece. Please see rasmussen.edu/degrees for a list of the programs we offer. Rasmussen College is a regionally accredited private college and Public Benefit Corporation.

Which types of medical jobs interest you?

Interested in joining the ranks of these highly-respected healthcare professionals? As you can tell by this list of medical careers, there's something for everyone in the world of healthcare. Check out our article to learn why there's no better time than now to join the field: "7 Compelling Reasons to Consider Working in the Healthcare Industry."

Kristina Ericksen

Kristina is a Digital Writer at Collegis Education where she creates informative content on behalf of Rasmussen University. She is passionate about the power of education and enjoys connecting students to bright futures.


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This piece of ad content was created by Rasmussen University to support its educational programs. Rasmussen University may not prepare students for all positions featured within this content. Please visit www.rasmussen.edu/degrees for a list of programs offered. External links provided on rasmussen.edu are for reference only. Rasmussen University does not guarantee, approve, control, or specifically endorse the information or products available on websites linked to, and is not endorsed by website owners, authors and/or organizations referenced. Rasmussen University is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, an institutional accreditation agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

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